China Travel Guide, China Travel Service and Tips

China Travel Guide, Travel Service and Travel Tips

About China
China General Information

China Information - China Overview


Located in the east of the Asia continent, on the western shore of the Pacific Ocean,China is world's fourth largest country (after Russia, Canada, and US). Mount Everest on the border with Nepal is the world's tallest peak. China has a population of about 1.3 billion, the largest population of any country in the world. China is a country with a long history of thousands of years of ancient civilization.Climate is extremely diverse in China, tropical in south to subarctic in northThe unique Chinese culture, living styles and fast economy growth in the past couple of decades have made China a charming nation in the world. Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect) is Chinese official language. There are many dialects such as Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka, or other minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry). China’s currency code is yuan (CNY, also referred to as the Renminbi (RMB). The exchange rate for Chinese yuan per US dollar is 8.1943 for 2005

History

China is the oldest uninterrupted major world civilization, with records dating back over 3,500 years. Successive dynasties developed a system of bureaucratic control which gave the agrarian-based Chinese an advantage over neighboring nomadic and hill cultures. Chinese civilization was further strengthened by the development of a common written language that bridged the gaps among the country’s many local languages and dialects.

China Population
1,313,973,713 (July 2006 est.)
China Population Age Structure:
0-14 years: 20.8% (male 145,461,833/female 128,445,739)
15-64 years: 71.4% (male 482,439,115/female 455,960,489)
65 years and over: 7.7% (male 48,562,635/female 53,103,902) (2006 est.)
China Population Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.12 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.13 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/female
total population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2006 est.)
China Ethnic groups:
Han Chinese 91.9%, Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean, and other nationalities 8.1%
China Religions:
Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2%
note: officially atheist (2002 est.)
China Languages:
Standard Chinese or Mandarin (Putonghua, based on the Beijing dialect), Yue (Cantonese), Wu (Shanghaiese), Minbei (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages (see Ethnic groups entry)

Material from this page is based on 2006 CIA World Factbook

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