The Great Wall of China
- The Great Wall of China is included in lists of the "Seven Medieval Wonders of the World".
- The Great Wall of China was listed a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.
Great Wall Of China
The Great Wall of China, one of the seven wonders of the world, attracts tourists from all over the world. When tourists travel China, the famous Great Wall is the must-see place. UNESCO lists it as one of the world's cultural heritage sites. Badaling (or Ba Da Ling, meaning place that give access to every direction) Great Wall, located in northwest of Beijing, is the most famous Great Wall and popular tourist spot in Beijing, China.
The Great Wall is one of the largest building construction projects in history. The legend of the Great Wall dated back to more than 3,000 years! Before China was unified, the Warring States built walls along settlements and frontiers in their control areas to fight against the invaders. It was not until the Qin Dynasty (221 B.C – 206 B.C) that China was unified by emperor Qin Shi Huangdi, who started the project to connect and fortify the walls along the northern boundaries of China. It stretches across the mountains of northern China to form first line of defense against the attacker. Though emperor Qin Shi Huangdi played a significant part of a role in this world, the famous monument building project, there is few traces of the ancient wall built during Qin Dynasty exists today. Today's Great Wall took it's present from the built works in the Ming Dynasty (1368-1644). The Great Wall was enlarged to 6,400 kilometers (4,000 miles) and renovated during Min Dynasty. The brick and granite work was enlarged and sophisticated designs were added. The watch towers were redesigned and modern canon were added. Between those watch towers, the alarm signal could be fired to warn the invasion of the enemy. The Great Wall spanned several provinces, from the eastern end at Qin Huang Dao in Hebei on the gulf of Bo Hai to the western end of Jia Yu Guan in Gunsu. The most impressive part of the Great Wall located in northwest of Beijing, called Ba Da Ling Great Wall and Ju Yong Guan. Ba Da Ling Great Wall is 7.8 m tall and 5.8 wide. Five or six horses could pass through side by side. Ju Yong Guan is 800 m above sea level, situated in the very precipitous and dangerous mountain place. They have become one of the most popular tourist destinations in Beijing. Other famous part of the Great Wall includes Jia Yu Guan and Shan Hai Guan. Jia Yu Guan is the western end of the Great Wall in the Gansu province. Shan Hai Guan is the first pass of the Great Wall, situated in the city of Qin Huang Dao.
Badaling Great Wall
The main section of the Badaling Great Wall located about 60 kilometers (37 miles) northwest of Beijiang city. Badaling Great Wall is the most heavily renovated, commercialized, crowded section of the Great Wall. Since the Badaling Great Wall is the best-preserved and most convenient section of the Great Wall, we highly recommend you to visit this section of the Great Wall before the other Great Walls if you have limited time to travel China and want the best view of the Great Wall.
Badaling Great Wall, centered at Wong Cheng, stretches southward to the highest point Haohanpo (heroes slope) and northward to Shierlou (twelve buildings) with a length of about 3,700 meters (2.3 miles) open to the public and 2,000 meters (1.24 miles) for night viewing. Badaling Great Wall was first built in 1505. It has an elevation of 600 meters (656 yards) with the wall averages 7.5 meters (8.2 yards) high, 4 meters (4.4 yards) thick, 6.5 meter (7.1 yards) wide on the base and 5.8 meters (6.3 yards) at the top. The top of the wall is actually a brick paved road which could allow five or six horses to pass through side by side. Badaling Great Wall was built along the mountain ridges, and tourists could find some portions of the Wall are very steep during climbing. There are cable cars to help tourists to reach the top.
Along the Badaling Great Wall, there are many signal towers, which were used to alert the invasion of the enemies. Fire, smoke, and shots were used to effectively transmit alert signals hundreds of miles within a few hours. The Badaling fortress has two gate towers. There is a tablet inscribed with “outpost to Juyongguan” hung on the eastern gate and another one inscribed with “the lock of the northern gateway” hung on the western gate. The fortress is an important defensive spot on the north side of Juyongguan. East of the fortress lies a huge rock, named “Watching Beijing Rock”. The rock is 7 meters (7.7 yards) long and 2 meters (2.2 yards) high. It was named according to the history event when the Eight Allied Forces invaded Beijing in 1900, the Empress Dowager Cixi once made a short stop here while she fled to the north. She looked toward Beijing and recalled her comfortable life in the Forbidden City .
The incomparable grandeur of the Great Wall has attracted more than 80 million visitors from all over the world. Thousands of miles of the Great Wall of China are a symbolic channel that connects thousands of years of ancient Chinese history to China today.