Terra Cotta Warriors
Terra cotta Army or Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang
Inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1987, the museum of Army of Terracotta Warriors is one of China 's most famous tourist attractions. The museum of Army of Terracotta Warriors lies 1.5 km (0.93 mile) east to the Tomb of Qin First Emperor. It has three sections and covers an area of 22,780 square meters (5.6 acres). There are more than 9000 statues of soldiers which are part of the tremendous mausoleum of China 's first Emperor has been discovered after two thousand years of their underground existence.
In 1974, Villagers in Lintong County , Shaanxi found some broken pottery during the well drilling process in about 1.5 kilometer (0.93 mile) east of the Moasoleum of the First Qin Emperor. Archaeologists discovered it was a rectangular pit of the Qin Dynasty terracotta warriors and horses. In 1976, archaeologists discovered two more pits 20 meters (21.8 yards) and 25 meters (27.3 yards) north of the first pit. In accordance with the time they were discovered, they were named the terracotta warriors and horses Vault 1, 2, 3 respectively.
Terra Cotta Warriors Location:
Terra Cotta Warriors, the Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, is located in Lintong county, 35 kilometers east of Xi'an, capital city of Shanxi province.
Terra Cotta Warriors is the largest imperial mausoleum that has been discovered in ancient China. About 1.5 kilometers (0.93 miles) east of the Mausoleaum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang, there are three pits of terra cotta warriors and horses have been uncovered which have been buried for more than 2,000 years. The Mausoleum of Qin Shi Huang and Museum of Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses are among those most spectacular tourist attractions in China. Millions of visitors from all over the world visited these places every year. They have been listed as one of the world heritage sites by the UNESCO. The Mausoleum of Emperor Qin Shi Huang is 515 m (0.32 miles) long, 55.05 m (181 feet) wide and 79 m (259 feet) high. It took more than 700,000 laborers 36 years to finish. The museum of Terra Cotta Warriors cover an area of 16,300 square meters (175,452 sq foot), with three pit sections. Nearly 8,000 life-size terra cotta warriors and horses have been discovered, along with thousands of pieces of weaponry. Life size figures of warriors and horses arranged in battle arrays give the world a rare peek into the distant past of more than 2,000 years ago. These vivid warriors in armatures and magnificent horses show the world the fine workmanship of human history. Though figures are similar from distance, each warrior and horse has its unique characteristics when examined closer. Each warrior has its unique style of clothes, with different weaponry and facial expressions. The Terra Cotta Warriors and Horses are the most magnificent archeological excavations of the 20the century. Together with Mausoleum of Qin Shiu Huang, there are the must visited tourist sites in China.
Army of Terracotta Warriors – Vault One
The first Vault is a rectangular pit 230 meters (251.5 yards) long, 62 meters (67.8 yards) wide and five meters (5.47 yards) deep, with a total area of 14,260 square meters (3.5 acres). It has the tunnel-type civil engineering structures with 5 slope ramps in the each of the western and eastern ends and 10 2.5 meters (2.7 yards) wide rammed earth wall. There are big beams on the wall, covered with reed mats and filled with mud and earth. Terracotta Warriors in the first Vault are lined up in the real war army array. The east end of the Vault is a promenade. There stood three rows of Terracotta Warrior with warrior uniform facing east. There are 70 such figures in each row with a total of 210. They are the striker army forces. There are a row of Terracotta Warriors facing south formed the right-wing of the army with a row of Terracotta Warriors facing north formed the left wing of the army. The back side stood a row of Terracotta Warriors facing the west. There are 38 columns of Terracotta Warriors in the hole that separated by the 10 th . Each column displayed the horse chariot. They are the main force in the Vault. Each figurine wore war uniform and carried long weapons. There are more than 6,000 pieces of Terracotta warriors and horses unearthed in this Vault, majority of which are infantry armies.
Army of Terracotta Warriors – Vault Two
The second Vault sits 20 meters (21.9 yards) north of the eastern end of the first Vault. The second Vault covers an area of 6,000 square meters (1.48 Acres), within which displayed four modules of four different types of army units. It is expected uncovered more than 1,000 pieces of pottery figurine and over 500 troops and horses. The first module is the unit at the eastern end, within which displayed a matrix of 334 warriors. The second module is the unit at the south end including first to eighth passing holes and sixty-four combat vehicles, each of which has three sergeant figurines. The third module is the central unit in the Vault including passing holes ninth to eleventh, nineteen war tanks and over 100 pieces of unarmed soldiers. The fourth module is the unit in northern half of the Vault, including passing holes twelfth through fourteenth, 6 chariots, and 124 horses and cavalry. Four units formed a large army array, yet remains independent individual unit. It is designed to engage rapidly towards the enemy and defend effectively of themselves. Though the wooden part of the chariot rotted over this history of time, the imprint of the chariot on the soil still clear displayed and the copper component on the chariot has been preserved very well.
Army of Terracotta Warriors – Vault Three
The third Vault sits 25 meters (27.3 yards) west of the second Vault and 25 meters (27.3 yards) north of the first Vault. It covers an area of 520 square meters (5,597 square feet). There are only one car, 4 horses, and 68 pottery figurines in this Vault. The formation of these pottery figurines is different from the first and second Vaults. The pottery figurines in first and second Vaults were displayed in the combat formation. The arm weapons held in this Vault are different from those in first and second Vaults too. While the warriors in the first and second Vault equipped with fighting spears, axes, swords, etc, only copper weapons without blade had been discovered in the third Vault. This type of copper weapons were specialized fro the guards of honor in Qin dynasty. Stag horn residues were also discovered in this Vault. Animal residues were often used for the fortune teller of the exclusive pre-war activities of the war or prayer. Thus the third Vault may be an underground military commander unit.
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